By Alexander Laban Hinton, Kenneth Roth
Genocide is among the such a lot urgent concerns that confronts us at the present time. Its demise toll is outstanding: over 100 million useless. as a result of their intimate event within the groups the place genocide occurs, anthropologists are uniquely located to provide an explanation for how and why this mass annihilation happens and the kinds of devastation genocide reasons. This floor breaking e-book, the 1st number of unique essays on genocide to be released in anthropology, explores a variety of situations, together with Nazi Germany, Cambodia, Guatemala, Rwanda, and Bosnia.
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Extra info for Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide
In colonial Rwanda, German and later Belgian oﬃcials reimagined social diﬀerences in terms of the “Hamitic Hypothesis,” which held that Tutsis were more “civilized” Hamites who had migrated south from Egypt and the Nile Valley and introduced more “advanced” forms of “development” into the region (see Taylor , and this volume; see also Malkki ). Tutsis therefore shared racial characteristics that enabled them to be more eﬀective leaders than the allegedly racially inferior Hutus, who were supposedly of Bantu stock.
Ebihara’s and Ledgerwood’s analysis loosely focuses on a hamlet in central Cambodia where approximately half of the population studied by Ebihara in – died of starvation, disease, overwork, or outright execution during Democratic Kampuchea (DK), the period of Khmer Rouge rule. million inhabitants, more than percent of the population, perished during this genocidal period (Kiernan ; see also Chandler ). When the Khmer Rouge took power, they immediately set out to transform Cambodian society into a socialist utopia.
On the other, many of these same scholars took an active role in preserving and documenting the cultural life of these disappearing groups. Scheper-Hughes illustrates this point with a detailed analysis of Alfred Kroeber’s relationship with Ishi, whom he called the “last California aborigine,” in the early twentieth century. At the same time that he befriended and helped Ishi, Kroeber failed to speak out about the genocide that had devastated Ishi’s Yahis and other Native American groups. Moreover, Kroeber also allowed his key informant to be exhibited at the Museum of Anthropology at the University of California on Sundays and, most strikingly, he permitted Ishi’s brain to be shipped to the Smithsonian Institution for examination and curation—despite Kroeber’s knowledge of Yahi beliefs about the dead and Ishi’s dislike of the study of skulls and other body parts.
Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide by Alexander Laban Hinton, Kenneth Roth