By Michael Alderson (auth.)
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Extra info for An Introduction to Epidemiology
3 Advantages and Disadvantages of Mortality Statistics As has already been mentioned, the routine collection of mortality data commenced in the middle of the nineteenth century, and since then material has been collected for virtually every death occurring in the United Kingdom. The reason for the introduction of the registration of deaths was not purely to collect mortality data of interest to the medical profession-in fact the registration was introduced for different reasons. The recording of the cause of death was only introduced as an amendment of the initial Bill while it was passing through the House of Lords.
Stevenson (1923) divided the population into eight social groups, and tabulated the infant mortality in each of these. This scheme was soon modified to produce the five social classes (coded in accordance with the Registrar General's Classification of Occupations), which are still used to examine mortality (and morbidity) data. The present classification distinguishes the following: 26 AN INTRODUCfION TO EPIDEMIOLOGY I Professional; II Intermediate; IIIn Skilled non-manual; IIIm Skilled manual; IV Partly skilled; V Unskilled.
This has enabled a number of studies to be carried out on the death rates of those born abroad. When the mortality rates in the country of birth are very different, but the rates of long-stay immigrants are similar to those of the 'native' population, it has been suggested that environmental factors are of greater importance than genetic ones (Dean, 1959; Haenszel, 1961; Krueger and Moriyama, 1967; Stenhouse and McCall, 1970). Kallner and Groen (1968) studied the mortality from coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents among immigrants to Israel.
An Introduction to Epidemiology by Michael Alderson (auth.)