By K. Siegbahn
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Extra resources for Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy
0 k e V ; k e V ) . F r o m Marshall and Ward, Can. J. Research A 1 5 (1937) 4 0 , 41 energy is shown in Fig. 2 0 and 21 for energies between 0 and 12 MeV. 094 Tg/cm ] . 526 v MeV A number of theoretical and semi-empirical expressions 5 0 are available for the absolute and the practical range of mono-energetic electrons . 5. -RAYS 52 When one measures the absorption of the electrons of /^-emitters of inhomogeneous energy with an apparatus shown schematically in Fig. 22, one observes absorption curves an example of which is shown in Fig.
So to detect Delbriick scattering the contributions of the others to the * S e e a l s o A p p . 1 at the e n d o f this v o l u m e . 37 AT. Siegbahn, Editor, Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy 38 CH. Π C . M. ), (7, n), (γ, ρ), etc. processes Particle production Nuclear photodisintegration Above threshold has broad maximum in range of 10-30 MeV With material as a whole Dependent on nuclear energy levels Môssbauer effect Important only in very narrow resonance Nuclear resonance range scattering With nucleus as a whole Dependent on nuclear energy levels Nuclear resonance scattering Narrow resonance maxima at low energies Broad maximum in range of 10-30 MeV With nucleus as a whole Independent of nuclear energy levels Nuclear Thomson scattering λ > nuclear radius Independent of energy With individual nucléon s Nuclear Compton scattering /.
Schepers, A n n . Phys. 8 (1961) 2 7 0 . G. KNOP AND W. PAUL 26 CH. I TABLE 7 61 number of electrons per a t o m . The mean excitation energy / of various gases. 7 3 8 1 Fig. 2 7 . The correction term C K due to the inefficiency of K-electrons. The parameter η- 63 is defined by (11a) while S is a function of Ζ only as s h o w n in the inset graph. F r o m W a l s k e 27 INTERACTION OF α-Ρ ARTICLES CH. I 26 263 Bethe and coworkers ' * have derived a correction term CK for the inefficiency of K-electrons which gives for the stopping number 2 2mv B = Z\n—i C K.
Alpha-, Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy by K. Siegbahn