By David G. Kleinbaum
A Pocket consultant to Epidemiology is a stand-alone introductory textual content at the uncomplicated rules and ideas of epidemiology. the first viewers for this article is the general public future health scholar or expert, clinician, healthiness journalist, and a person else at any age or lifestyles event that's attracted to studying what epidemiology is all approximately in a handy, effortless to appreciate structure with well timed, real-world healthiness examples.
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Additional info for A Pocket Guide to Epidemiology
Original assignment b. actual experience ??? ??? ??? 36 Chapter 3. How to Set Things Up? Study Designs For each of the following characteristics (strengths or weaknesses) of a study, choose the type of study with that characteristic. The choices are: Prospective cohort Case-control 6. Less expensive: . . . 7. Quicker: . . . . . 9. Appropriate for studying rare exposures: . . 10. Appropriate for studying rare diseases: . ??? 8. More accurate exposure information: 11. Can study multiple outcomes: .
Appropriate for studying rare exposures: . . 10. Appropriate for studying rare diseases: . ??? ??? 8. More accurate exposure information: 11. Problems with loss to follow-up: . 12. Better for diseases with long latency: . . Case-Control Studies In case control studies, subjects are selected based on their disease status. The investigator first selects cases of a particular disease and then chooses controls from persons without the disease. Ideally, cases are selected from a clearly defined population, often called the source population, and controls are selected from the same population that yielded the cases.
Prevalence can be linked to incidence with the following formula: P = I x D In our example, P is the number of guests in the house on any day after day five, I is the arrival rate of 2 guests per day, and D is the duration of 5 days for each guest. The formula works in this example since 2 times 5 equals 10. We can see from this formula that for a given incidence, the prevalence will increase or decrease as the duration increases or decreases. For example, if guests stayed for 8 days rather than 5 days, with the same arrival rate, the number of guests at the house at steady state would be 2 times 8, which equals 16, rather than 10.
A Pocket Guide to Epidemiology by David G. Kleinbaum