By Luciano Canepari

ISBN-10: 3895864811

ISBN-13: 9783895864810

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British monophthongs. 2. 3: ('h¤;å) /'hIÈ≤/ here, ('phj¨;å) /'pjUÈ≤/ pure, ('∑™;‘) /'∑EÈ≤/ `ere˘ We have already seen that in British English a simple vocoid, with no contoid, occurs in cases like ('f‘:) /'fÈ:≤/ fur˘ It is to be noticed that, in this type of pronunciation, the phonemic sequence /[j]UÈ≤/, by this time, is almost exclusively substituted with its variant /[j]O:≤/: ('phjø:÷ 'phj¨;å) pure, ('phø:÷ 'ph¨;å) poor, ('Sø:÷ 'S¨;å) sure˘ It is curious to note that, in the British pronunciation of the sixties, a similar trend was very strong, but it soon stopped: ('phj‘:, 'khj‘;>iÈs, ¤n'Dj‘;>Èns, 'Dj‘;>¤˙, 'S‘:) pure˚ curious˚ endurance˚ during˚ sure (at that time, of course, the neutral pronunciation had (¤é) ç/Ié/Ç for modern (ié) /ié/: ('khj‘;>¤Ès), curious).

4. However, in British pronunciation, /È/ has another –rather important– taxophone, (‘). Phonetically, it is the short version of /È:/ (‘:), and occurs for /È≤ò/ followed by the grammemes /zò, dò/, and for non-prepausal /È≤ò/ (while, if /È≤ò/ is final before a pause, it becomes (å)). 52 a handbook of pronunciation So we find: ('fA;∑‘Ω) {('fA;∑≥Ü)a} fa`ers and fa`er's˚ ('A;ns‘fl) {('π[;]ns≥fl)a} an~ered÷ and (∑È'phl™Z‘z&maÙn÷ -‘>¤-÷ 'ma;Ùn) {(-≥fi-÷ -≥¤z-÷ 'm-)a} `e pleasure is mine˚ (È'nå∑‘ 'g‘;ı) {(-√∑≥ 'g≥:ı, 'g≥;®)a} ano`er girl˘ In addition to /È≤ò/, this happens to non-prepausal /Èò/ as well (also in American English, generally only up to (È), with no need to use (‘)): (Åı'phπk‘ 'kh‘¨T) {(-È 'khø¨T)a} alpaca coat –so, as can be seen, (‘) occurs, even near a /k/ Â, instead of (û), Ô (aÉı'phπk û'kh‘¨T) {(û'khø¨T)a} I'll pa$ a coat]– but: (Åı'phπkå|) {(πı'phπk√|)a} alpaca˘ However, even this taxophone can be represented by the usual realization of /È/: (È), as many native speakers do.

For example, if (a‘) comes together with (π™, Øø), or (…È) with (ie, uo), then (a‘) will be considered closing, and (…È) opening. Analogously, diphthongs whose second element is not exactly central, including cases with (Ù, É, X, x÷ °, #, P, Ö) (and (¤, ¢, û÷ Ä, å, √÷ Y, T, ¨÷ §, @, ∏)), could be profitably considered centering, if structural conditions so indicate. 31. Di‡erent diphthongs. closing opening centering For example, in British English, beers /'bIÈ≤z/ ('b¤;ÈΩ) and bear(s) /'bEÈ≤{z}/ ('b™;‘{Ω}) are in the same group as beer /'bIÈ≤/ ('b¤;å), even in accents which present (éÅ, éa) for /éÈ≤/.

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A Handbook of Pronunciation by Luciano Canepari

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